Barriers to intra-regional ‘agri’ trade must be dismantled rapidly
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President Dr. Irfaan Ali
President Dr. Irfaan Ali

— President Ali says, calls on CARICOM nations to reform food systems to address increasing demands

FACED with a food-import bill amounting to over US$5 billion per annum, CARICOM nations will have to aggressively address barriers which inhibit intra-regional agricultural trade, to ease that financial burden and attain food security, President Dr. Irfaan Ali has said.

“We cannot seriously speak of significantly denting the enormous and unsustainable regional food-import bill yet, unwittingly or otherwise erect, and keep in place non-tariff barriers (NTBs), which impede regional trade in agriculture produce and products,” President Ali, who holds responsibility for agriculture in CARICOM’s Quasi Cabinet, said in his keynote address during the virtual launch of the 16th Caribbean Week of Agriculture 2021, on Monday.

The Guyanese Head of State said his government will be “bullish” in pressing to dismantle the existing barriers to trade.
“I know that there are vested interests who wish to retain these barriers, but the choice facing us is clear,” Dr. Ali reasoned.

President Ali said that the promotion of regional initiatives aimed at eliminating non-tariff barriers to trade is among the critical areas being addressed by a Special Ministerial Taskforce on Food Production and Food Security, which is headed by Guyana’s Minister of Agriculture, Zulfikar Mustapha.

The President believes that the Caribbean Week of Agriculture should be utilised to address two fundamental questions: why the transformation of regional food systems is necessary and how best the Caribbean can pursue the transformation process.

“The Caribbean has the resources to ensure greater regional food security. It remains a travesty that our Region, blessed with arable lands, abundant freshwater supplies and skilled agricultural workers, imports more than US$5B annually in food.

“We have the means to slash our regional food-import bill, produce more of the food we consume and, in the process, generate sustainable livelihoods through agriculture,” President Ali said.

He added that Guyana, being resource-rich in land and freshwater, is desirous of leading the charge by making available appropriate lands as part of the process of promoting cross-border investments in agriculture.

“Guyana is currently embarking on a process of consolidating unused and underutilised lands with the aim of making suitable lands more readily available for supporting large-scale agriculture investments,” Dr. Ali related.

The President said that the Caribbean must also become more food-secure, since climate change could imperil global food supply, subjecting the Region to externally induced shocks.

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY 
In addition to ensuring that the Region is food-secure, the Head of State also believes that transforming the sector could create economic opportunities, including an avenue for food exportation.

To this end, he said: “By 2040, it is estimated that there will be an additional 1.4 billion mouths to feed. Food will be in high demand. This represents both a challenge for us to feed ourselves and also an economic opportunity to help feed the world. We must reform our food systems in order to respond to these challenges and seize the opportunities that will arise from the demand for more food.”

The President also underscored that the transformation of regional food systems must involve the regional private sector.
To this end, he added, the Special Ministerial Taskforce on Food Production and Food Security and the CARICOM Private Sector Organisation (CPSO) have been actively working together.

He said that the groups have since contributed significantly to identifying specific areas for regional policy support in targeting investments and intra-regional trade, particularly in poultry, niche vegetables and commodities such as corn, soy, rice, coconut, beef and meat of ruminants.

The Special Ministerial Taskforce has also initiated dialogue with regional and strategic entities regarding the de-risking of the regional agricultural sector. It has also identified an innovative Agricultural Insurance Product that is being pioneered by a regional company, among other related initiatives.

“I have been advised that a sub-committee is currently being established specifically to address the possibilities for establishing similar agricultural insurance on a regional scale. We are moving forward with the agenda to transform regional food systems,” President Ali said.

The President further said that given agriculture’s extreme reliance on favourable climatic conditions, there is now an even stronger need for appropriately tailored and accessible risk- transfer financial services.

In this regard, the absence of adequate insurance has severely constrained investment in the sector.

On this point, President Ali said: “A central focus of reforming Caribbean food systems should entail the rapid dismantling of barriers, which inhibit intra-regional trade in agricultural produce and products, increasing food production, increasing investments, promoting climate-resilient agriculture and de-risking the sector.”

SDGs AND CLIMATE RESILIENCE 
President Ali also said that food security is central to attaining many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
He said that if the Region is to attain the SDGs, then it must transform its food systems to ensure greater food security.

The President added that this transformation must also result in more climate-resilient agriculture, since the Region is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change and natural hazards. These include overtopping sea and river defences, salt-water intrusion into agricultural lands, flooding, drought and the threats posed by hurricanes and other natural disasters.

“It is therefore imperative that attention is given to building climate resilience in order to transform the Region’s agri-food system,” President Ali said.

GUYANA’S REPLICABLE TRANSFORMATION MODEL 
The Head of State emphasised that Guyana as a leader on agriculture, agricultural diversification and food security in the Caribbean, does not take its responsibility lightly and has demonstrated its willingness and commitment to lead from the front.

The President stressed that Guyana is committed to the sustainable and equitable transformation of its food systems at a national level. The country’s efforts to do so are rooted in the commitment to the ‘2030 Agenda’ and the obligation to “leave no one behind.”

“We are dedicated to ensuring that there is access to safe and nutritious food for everyone, the reduction of on-farm and post-harvest waste and loss and the implementation of a circular food economy.

“As part of this commitment to providing safe and nutritious food for all, Guyana is taking steps to consolidate its National School Feeding Programme by strengthening connections between consumers and food producers, by fostering more robust food value chains and creating solid alliances between farmers and the wider society, to deliver safe, healthy and nutritious school meals,” President Ali said.

The Head of State pointed out that Guyana is also expanding agricultural production and productivity through increased investments in large-scale agricultural production and the provision of incentives to boost investment in the sector by strengthening its agricultural institutions to provide greater support to the sector.

The government has also been improving the country’s agricultural-support infrastructure by investing in drainage and irrigation and farm-to-market roads.

Attention has also been placed on de-risking the agricultural sector; diversifying and modernising local agriculture to create a more resilient sector; promoting an increase in research and development and innovation in agriculture to pursue climate-smart agriculture; intensifying increased value-added through agro-processing and adopting an inclusive approach to the management of its agricultural sector and by regular consultation with stakeholders.

(Office of the President)

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